Licking county is located in central Ohio just east of Columbus with Newark
serving as the county seat. The county population on July 1, 1999, was 136,485, an increase of 8,185 over the 1990 census.
Historically significant site in the county include the Alligator Effigy Mound near Graville (a suburb of Newark), the Belle Hall Covered Bridge near Croton, the Ohio Canal Groundbreaking Site in Heath (just southeast of Newark) and the West Side Planing Mill in Newark.
The county's natural resources include the Licking River, which bisects the county from north to south and a small portion of Buckeye Lake to the south.