Chignik is located in Dillingham Census Area, within the Southwest Region, on the Alaska Peninsula just south of Aniakchak National Monument & Preserve.
An Eskimo village was originally located here, but was destroyed during the Russian fur boom in the late 1700s. Chignik, meaning "big wind" was established in the late 1800s as a fishing village and cannery. Chignik became an incorporated city in 1983. Today, there are two historical canneries still in operation.
Nearly 50 percent of the population are Alaska Natives - Aleuts and Eskimos. Subsistence on fish and caribou is important to residents' livelihoods.