The first settlers in the Lompoc Valley were the Chumash Indians. The Chumash and their predecessors lived in this region for nearly 10,000 years prior to European influence. Lompoc is a Chumash word meaning little lake or lagoon.
Chumash sites, and more recent history, are captured in the Lompoc Museum in downtown Lompoc. The establishment of La Purisima Mission in 1787 marked the earliest European settlement of the Lompoc Valley. The restored mission is now a State Historic Park.
Lompoc Valley is located on scenic Pacific Coast Highway (Hwy 1) and Highway 246, 55 miles north of Santa Barbara, 155 miles north of Los Angeles and 270 miles south of San Francisco. The valley is part of the central California coastal region. While Lompoc is at 88 feet above sea level it is surrounded on the north, south and east by rolling hills. The level valley is open to the Pacific Coastline nine miles west of the community. The Santa Ynez River (dry most of the year) runs east-west through the valley.