Stamford is located in Fairfield County, southwest of Bridgeport between Darien and Greenwich, along Interstate 95 near Long Island Sound. Putnam and Rockwood lakes are nearby. It is a city of approximately 111,000 citizens, consisting of 37.3 square miles. It is 25 miles to the northeast of New York City and 40 miles southwest of New Haven. It was founded as Rippowam in 1641 when 29 families settled along the Rippowam River on land purchased from Native Americans. The community was later named Stamford, which in Old English means "stony ford," after a town in Lincolnshire, England. In the early part of the 20th Century, Stamford progressed from a factory hub to a research center, and in the last quarter of the century, to the country's third largest corporate headquarters community. Today, it is the 4th largest city in Connecticut
Stamford is part of the Stamford-Norwalk, Connecticut metro area.