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Henry VII

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Henry VII belonged to the House of Tudor. Born in 1457, he ascended to the throne in 1485 and died in 1509. He was preceded as monarch by Richard III and was succeeded by Henry VIII.

Henry was the son of Edmund Tudor and Margaret Beaufort, heiress of John of Gaunt, Duke of Lancaster. He was born at Pembroke MB Castle. Henry succeeded to the crown after defeating Richard II at the Battle of Bosworth Field in 1485. In the following year, he strengthened his position by marrying Elizabeth, daughter of Edward IV. He himself was descended from John of Gaunt, Duke of Lancaster, founder of the House of Lancaster.

To restore order, Henry enforced statues against livery and maintenance, and set up a new court in 1487, known as the Court of Star Chamber, to keep down the nobles. On the Continent, he tried to prevent Charles VIII of France from conquering Brittany, at which he was unsuccessful. However, he captured Perkin Warbeck, a Yorkist pretender, and executed him in 1499, removing the last threat to the crown. Henry died at Richmond in 1509.

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