The county town of Lincolnshire
, situated on the Witham, 130 miles N of London
. An important rail center it is connected with other cities in the Midlands
by canals. The "Old Town" is the most ancient section of the city and is situated on the cliffs of Lincoln Heights.
Here are found many noteworthy examples of medieval architecture. Roman and Saxon remains dating from the first century and many early English timbered dwellings may also be found here, including the "Jew's House," built in 1180, considered the oldest inhabited Norman house in the British Isles.
Lincoln's earliest existence as a city is placed at 320 AD. It became the capital of the Saxon kingdom of Mercia in the latter part of the 5th century. William the Conqueror's castle dates from 1068. There is a unique Victorian Prison Chapel and King John's 1215 Magna Carta (one of only 4 in existence), may be viewed. The coronation of Henry II, who gave the city its first charter, took place here in the cathedral in 1158.