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United Kingdom

This is the official name of the kingdom that embraces England, Scotland, Wales, and Northern Ireland. It is the result of three acts of union. Wales was joined to England in 1536. The Act of Union of 1707 made Scotland an integral part of the kingdom, which thereafter was designed officially as "Great Britain." The Act of Union of 1800, effective on January 1, 1801, joined Ireland with Great Britain. The new political entity was designated the "United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland." This designation became inappropriate after the southern counties of Ireland were given dominion status as the Irish Free State, now the independent Republic of Ireland, in 1922. As a result, the new name was adopted in 1927.

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