Queen Victoria belonged to the House of Hanover
. Born in 1819, she ascended to the throne in 1837 and died in 1901. She was preceded as monarch by her uncle William IV
and was succeeded by her son Edward VII
Victoria was the daughter of the Duke of Kent, fourth son of George III. On February 10, 1840, she married Prince Albert, younger son of the Duke of Saxe-Coburg, who became her consort and advisor.
At the time of her coronation, the British government was led by Lord Palmerston. In December, 1861, Prince Albert died and whePalmerston died in 1865, Victoria began the second epoch of her reign. She devoted the balance of her life to the essential duties of her position, becoming England's longest reigning monarch.
Victoria had nine children, four sons and five daughters. By World War I, they were intermarried with most of Europe's royal families, including the czar's and the kaiser's. Another of her descendants was Prince Philip, consort to the present Elizabeth II.