William II belonged to the Norman Dynasty
. Born in 1057, he ascended to the throne in 1087 and died in 1100. He was preceded as monarch by William the Conqueror
and was succeeded by Henry I
An invasion of England by Malcolm III led William to invade Scotland and to annex Cumberland, which he peopled with English and Flemings. A long quarrel with Anselm, the successor of Lanfranc, archbishop of Canterbury, arose out of the recognition of a pope and William was threatened with excommunication. William was slain, probably by accident, while hunting in the New Forest.