William II belonged to the Norman Dynasty. Born in 1057, he ascended to the throne in 1087 and died in 1100. He was preceded as monarch by William the Conqueror and was succeeded by Henry I.
An invasion of England by Malcolm III led William to invade Scotland and to annex Cumberland, which he peopled with English and Flemings. A long quarrel with Anselm, the successor of Lanfranc, archbishop of Canterbury, arose out of the recognition of a pope and William was threatened with excommunication. William was slain, probably by accident, while hunting in the New Forest.