The county is named for John Hancock, he of the conspicuous signature on the Declaration of Independence. He was the first Governor of the Commonwealth of Massachussetts.
Hancock county was formed in 1825 from parts of Pike County. Its first county seat was located in Montebello on the banks of the Mississippi River. The seat was moved to Carthage in 1833.
Around 1839, the Mormons came to the town of Commerce. The settlement was renamed Nauvoo meaning "Beautiful Place". From 1839-1846, Nauvoo was Illinois' largest town with a population of about 20,000 and was the most politically powerful town in the state.
The population on July 1, 1999, was 20,965, a decrease of 408 over the 1990 census.
For information on county government, contact the National Association of Counties Web site.
Additional information is available at these pages:
Other Illinois Counties nearby:
(Quincy) Adams County
(Mt. Sterling) Brown County
(Virginia) Cass County
(Lewistown) Fulton County
(Carthage) Hancock County
(Macomb) McDonough County
01/18 Coming to The Carthage area
Dutch Days Festival Fulton IL May3-4 Arts and Crafts Vendors; Food and Concession Stands; Windmill Tours; Dutch Dancing and Costumes; Antique Tractor Display; Dutch Treasures Display; Heritage Canyon w/Early American Crafters; Hindeloopen Painting Demo and Sales; Stippling Display and Parade.
Peoria Heights Art Fair Peoria Heights IL May11 A great weekend is planned; the show coincides with the Race for the Cure and the Illinois Art League members show at the Village Hall. A hospitality tent will be open throughout the Art Fair with coffee and donuts in the morning and water and fruit during the day .
Springfield Old Capitol Art Fair Springfield IL May18-19 Whether you are a serious art collector or are just developing an appreciation, there is original art here for you, in the form of jewelry, sculpture, photography, glassware, pottery, wood, metalwork, oils, watercolors, and other media.
Summer Camp Music Festival Chillicothe IL May24-26 The first Summer Camp Music Festival was held in 2001 at Three Sisters Park in Chillicothe, IL. About 1,000 attended the festival that year, and enjoyed over 20 bands on 2 stages over the course of 2 days. Since then, Summer Camp Music Festival has grown to more than 15,000 attendees, hosting more than 100 bands on 7 stages over 3 days.
Art on Main Fine Arts Festival Canton IL June1-2 This inaugural fine arts festival will feature original art from the best of our Midwest artists. Come to view and to purchase excellent art pieces in a variety of categories: Painting / Drawing, Jewelry, Clay / Ceramic, Photography, Glass, Sculpture, Woven Textiles, and Wood.
Quad City Pride Fest Davenport IA June1-2 The festival is a street fair, a shopping mecca, a non-stop cavalcade of regional entertainment, a carnival, an interactive arts & sports jubilee, a smorgasbord of summer treats, and an open air picnic with a few thousand close friends, all capped off with a night of fireworks and a “new-fashioned” revival!