Bessemer is in Gogebic County (of which it is the county seat), and in the Northern Region. Bessemer is located just east of the Wisconsin state line between Hurley and Wakefield along US Highway 2 on the banks of the Black River near Lake Superior. Situated in Michigan's Upper Peninsula region.
The population estimate for July 1, 1998 was 2,115, a decrease of 157 since 1990.
This picturesque city is nestled below some bluffs seated to the north, which are characteristic of the reddish/brown color of iron ore in the area. Richard Langford, a hunter/trapper, discovered iron here in 1880, which started the boom.