Bessemer is in Gogebic County
(of which it is the county seat), and in the Northern Region
. Bessemer is located just east of the Wisconsin state line between Hurley and Wakefield along US Highway 2 on the banks of the Black River near Lake Superior. Situated in Michigan's Upper Peninsula region.
The population estimate for July 1, 1998 was 2,115, a decrease of 157 since 1990.
This picturesque city is nestled below some bluffs seated to the north, which are characteristic of the reddish/brown color of iron ore in the area. Richard Langford, a hunter/trapper, discovered iron here in 1880, which started the boom.