The Town of Asheborough received its original charter from the State Legislature on Christmas Day 1796 - a time when the topic of the day was President George Washington's 'Farewell Address' as published in The Philadelphia American Advertiser. Asheborough is named for Samuel Ashe, governor from 1795 to 1798.
Without warning, on January 10, 1923, the Post Office Department changed the spelling of the town's name to Ashboro. A compromise spelling of Asheboro resulted after a loud protest from citizens and Congressman William Cicero Hammer. The town is located in Randolph County (of which it is the county seat) between Greensboro and Rockingham along US Highway 220 on the banks of the Deep River near Archdale, Siler City, and the Uwharrie National Forest. Asheboro is part of the Greensboro--Winston-Salem--High Point metro area.