Atoka county is located in southeastern Oklahoma southeast of Oklahoma City and one county removed from the Texas state line. The town of Atoka serves as the county seat. The county population on July 1, 1999, was 13,379, an increase of 601 over the 1990 census.
McGee Creek Lake, Atoka Lake and Boggy Depot State Park as well as Clear and Muddy Boggy Creeks provide ample recreational opportunities and draws visitors from around the state as well as neighboring states.
Among the significant historical sites in the county are the First Oil Well in Oklahoma in the southwestern part of the county, the Middle Boggy Battlefield Site and Confederate Cemetery just north of Atoka and Waddell's Station, southwest of Wesley.