Noble county was carved out of slice of land referred to as the Cherokee Outlet and was settled during the massive non-Indian land run of 1893. It is named in honor of John M. Noble of St. Louis who was the Secretary of the Department of the Interior under President Harrison and is located in north central Oklahoma with Perry serving as the county seat.
Key features of the county include Sooner Lake, which it shares with Pawnee County; the Arkansas River, which forms the northeastern county line; nearly all of Lake McMurtry, which is shared with Payne County and a small portion of Lake Carl Blackwell, also shared with Payne county.
Points of interest include the Cherokee Strip Museum located in Perry. In addition, Oklahoma State University is only minutes southeast of Perry.
The county population on July 1, 1999, was 11,334, an increase of 289 over the 1990 census.