Pushmataha county, once a part of the Choctaw Nation, is a rural southeastern Oklahoma county featuring a panorama of rolling hills with their pines and valleys filled with oak. Antlers serves as the county seat.
The Choctaw Capitol Building, one of the most outstanding historical markers for the Choctaw, is located in the northern section of the county just north of Tuskahoma and hosts the annual Choctaw Nation Labor Day Festival. It is said that the spirit of the Light Horseman may be seen riding across the Council Grounds and in their guard quarters.
Major waterways and recreation areas include Sardis Lake, of which about 25% is located in Latimer County; Clayton Lake State Park; the Kiamichi River (in the western portion of the county) and the Little River to the east.
The county population on July 1, 1999, was 11,542, an increase of 545 over the 1990 census.