Founded in 1891 on the banks of the Nehalem River
, Vernonia is a logging and recreational center. Lake Vernonia, formerly the mill pond for the lumber mill, is stocked with trout, crappie, and bass.
Vernonia is northwest of Portland via highways 26 and 47, situated in the back country of Columbia County.
The Vernonia Pioneer Museum is a popular destination for visitors to enjoy during summer months. The museum includes artifacts from throughout the county.
Vernonia is part of the Portland-Vancouver, Oregon-WA metro area.