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Founded around 1000 B.C., Trabzon lies adjacent to the Eastern Black Sea mountains. The city has strategic importance since it is located at the beginning of the road that connects the Black Sea Coast to Iran and is next to the famous Zigana Pass.

Trabzon is famous for its natural and historical treasures, and is a center of commerce and tourism. St. Sophia church, built by the Commenos family in the 13th century, is the most important historical building in Trabzon. The church was converted into a museum in 1957. Some faint frescoes are still noticeable inside.

The city is also home to several mosques, converted from important Byzantine churches, that are worth seeing for their interesting architecture: Phanagia Chrysocephalos Church (Fatih Mosque), Saint Eugene Church (Yeni Cuma Cami), Saint Anne and Saint Basil churches.

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