Abernathy is located on I-27 and US 87, eighteen miles north of Lubbock
in Hale County
, and was founded in 1909 when the Santa Fe Railroad was extended from Plainview
The town is an agribusiness and trading center. However, after a high of 114 businesses in 1967, the number steadily declined to a low of forty-five in 1985.
In 1990 the population was 2,720.