Amarillo is located where US 40 and US 27 intersect, north of Lubbock
, near the Canadian River
and Lake Meredith. It lies in Potter County
, just east of the New Mexico state line, in the Texas Panhandle.
The settlement saw its start in 1887 as a camp for workmen building the Fort Worth & Denver City Railroad.
Amarillo, population 174,727, lists its top three employers as the Amarillo Independent School System, IBP, Inc.; and Baptist St. Anthony's Health Care System.
Attractions include the Panhandle-Plains Historical Museum, the largest history museum in Texas. Palo Duro Canyon, second-largest in the United States and noted for its colors, is 1,000 feet deep and more than a hundred miles long. The American Quarter Horse Association calls Amarillo home. The city also is home to Amarillo College and West Texas A&M University. The Amarillo Museum of Art was designed by Edward Durrell Stone, architect of the John F. Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts.