The seat of Coleman County, Coleman is located south of Abilene at the junction of US 84 and US 283 and Farm Road 53 in the central part of the county.
The Great Depression years hit county cotton farmers hard, and many left their land to live in town. Coleman subsequently became been a meat-processing and wool center and a thriving manufacturing center producing brick and clay tile, clothing, leather goods, office supplies, and furniture. The population was 6,530 in 1954, and 5,410 in 1990.
Annual events include a stock show in January, a rattlesnake hunt and antique show in March, and a rodeo in July.