Fredericksburg is located within Gillespie County (of which it is the county seat), on US 87, US 290, and Hwy 16 on the banks of the Pedernales River, 70 miles west of Austin.
The town is the site of a number of annual events, many recall; Fredericksburg's German pioneer past. Some are: the Wild Game Dinner (for men only) in March and the Damenfest (for women only) in October, both of which benefit the Fredericksburg Heritage Foundation; the Easter Fires Pageant; the Founders Day celebration, on the Saturday nearest May 8, which benefits the Gillespie County Historical Society; A Night in Old Fredericksburg, in July; Oktoberfest; and the Kristkindl Market and Candlelight Homes Tour, both in December. The Gillespie County Fair is held in Fredericksburg on the third weekend in August; the fairgrounds are also the site of racing meets on Memorial Day and the Fourth of July and a hunter-jumper horse show in June.
In 1990 the population was 6,934.