Fulton is located in Aransas County just northeast of Corpus Christi along Hwy 35 and Aransas Bay near Copano Bay and the Gulf of Mexico.
The community grew steadily between the 1950s and the early 1980s. It incorporated during the 1970s, and by 1980 it had a population of 1,141 and forty-one businesses. The population declined to 763 residents in 1990, then recovered to 1,553 in 2000.
Tourism and fishing remain the mainstays of the economy.