The seat of Angelina County, Lufkin lies south of Nacogdoches on US 59 and US 69 in the heart of the Piney Woods of East Texas, between the Davy Crockett National Forest and Angelina National Forest and Reservoir.
In 1982 Lufkin celebrated its centennial. The celebration resulted in widespread community improvements, including an extensive beautification effort and the largest exposition center between Dallas and Houston. Though the economy was still linked significantly to the harvesting of timber and the manufacture of lumber, paper, plywood, and other forest products, by 1990 the city had also developed a diversified economic base, including the manufacture of oilfield pumping units, machinery and gears, truck trailers and flooring, foundry products, candy, dairy products, and recreational goods.
In 1990 the population was 30,206.