In Upton County, McCamey is located south of Odessa between Fort Stockton and Rankin along US 67 near the Pecos River.
Before 1920, only a lone boxcar occasionally stood on siding at this featureless site. Then an oil driller named McCamey hit a gusher. In less than a year, McCamey was brawling boom town of 10,000 housed in tents and hastily constructed buildings.
Much quieted, McCamey today is still a center of oil activity and is a livestock shipping point for surrounding ranches.
The 1980 census listed a population of 2,436. In 1984 McCamey had seventy businesses, several churches, a bank, a newspaper, a public library, and a museum. The Mendoza Trail Museum, named for Juan Domnguez de Mendoza, a Spanish explorer who passed through West Texas, opened in 1966.
In 1990 the population was 2,493.