Brigham Young was the second leader of the Mormon Church, and led the colonization of Utah. He was born nineth of eleven children in Whitingham, Vt., where his first job was a house painter.
He was made the first territorial governor of Utah by the U.S. Congress in 1850. The government replaced him as governor in 1857, but he refused to step down. This led to the "Mormon War."
Brigham remained the leader of the Mormons until his death in 1877.