The Province of Fergana is situated in southern part of Fergana Valley. Its total area equals to 6,800 square kilometers. The climate is typically continental, with mild winters and very hot summers.
The population is about 2,597,000 with approximately 70,7 % of the total population living in rural areas. The Province is divided into 15 administrative districts.
The administrative center is Fergana city which has a population of 214,000. Other towns are Kokand, Kuva, Kuvasay, Margilan and Rishtan.