The province of Surkhandarya is situated in southern part of Uzbekistan, bordering to Afghanistan. Its total area covers 20,800 square kilometers. The climate is typically continental with mild winters and hot summers.
The Province has a population of approximately 1,676,000 with majority (79,8%) living in rural areas.
The Province is divided into 14 administrative districts with Termez and is its administrative center. Termez has a population of 95,000, and is near the border with Afghanistan . Other towns in the Province are Denau, Baysin, Sherabad, Shuchy and Sariaciya.