Golconda is located in southern Illinois in Pope County
(of which it is the county seat) in the Shawnee National Forest
east of Vienna
off Highway 146 overlooking the Ohio River
. The town is listed in the National Register of Historic Places.
Dixon Springs State Park, a 900-acre park just west of town, is loaded with recreational opportunities including an archery range, horseshoe pits, baseball diamond, swimming pool, basketball and volleyball courts plus hiking, camping and picnicking. In addition, deer and wild turkey hunting are allowed in the fall.