He was defeated for governor in Indiana in 1876 but went to the United States Senate in 1881. His victory over Grover Cleveland in 1888 was the first in which the Electoral College did not select the winner of a majority of the popular vote. During his administration, he signed the Sherman Antitrust Act and the Sherman Silver Purchase Act. Six states were admitted to the union during his administration. He lost the 1892 election to Cleveland and died at Indianapolis on March 13, 1901.