Established in February of 1893 the county has 41,000 people living in just under 1,000 square miles. The population is concentrated in the coastal communities, while the inland areas are generally forested.
At the northern edge of the county lies Lincoln City. Newport is in the central part and is the county seat. On the southern coast of the county are Waldport and Yachats. Highway 101 connects the county to the rest of the Oregon Coast, while inland highways are Highway 18 from north of Lincoln City towards Portland, and Highway 20, which begins its long eastward journey across the Pacific Northwest in Newport.